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Easier said than done? There is a good reason for that.
Users have expectations. It’s why Candy Crush took off as it did.
It was highly engaging because somewhere, a designer figured that timed gameplay (lining up candies to the tune of upbeat music) combined with instant gratification in the form of rewards would be a highly addictive combination.
In this post, we will discuss how you can use certain techniques to make your eLearning solution bring value to your audience.
Its why grade-schoolers retain lessons better when teachers accompany it with games or nursery rhymes. She knows that their minds will absorb information better if the teaching method is engaging.
In eLearning, this human element is absent, as is the environment. So the question is, how do you fill these gaps to deliver learning experiences that work?
Characters like avatars are mostly virtual but their presence in online learning software makes the experience more real, with good reason. For a learner, a character is:
Here is how you can use characters:
Consider a scenario in which you are a call center employee and you have to make a sale during a call. Going over a scripted checklist of questions to ask the potential customer over the sales call can get mundane and boring for an employee due to its repetitive nature.
However, gamifying it by allocating a certain amount of “points” to the employee for asking each question on the checklist, and then allowing them to cash in their points at the end of the exercise for rewards is a great way to ensure that they feel excited to ask each mundane questions as it is helping them reach a bigger goal.
This is what gamification in eLearning is all about; using elements that make games highly engaging, and applying them to real world scenarios directly correlated with tangible goals. By training learners within gaming environments (like sci-fi settings for example) you can make your learners:
Here is what you can do to gamify your eLearning solution and engage your learners:
Develop a story with interactive challenges: Interactive challenges help learners put themselves into the shoes of the character in a game to achieve goals. For example, a learner’s character could be asked to acquire enough resources to complete a certain task (identify tools to recharge a forklift battery, or identify an appropriate plan of action in a safety procedure).
Create Leaderboards to encourage competitiveness and discussion: A game that has multiple players often has a leaderboard. Players compete and the one with the most points goes to the top. It encourages players to be competitive. And you can offer the same value for your eLearning solution.
This strategy certainly worked for Walmart. The retailer saw a 54% decrease in incidents after they made their workforce use an elearning software based on the brand’s safety protocols. And one of the reasons it was regularly used was because it ranked employees on their performance.
Ever take part in a pop quiz in school?
It’s not a pleasant experience and can end with a big fat “F” if you weren’t prepared for it. Tests in eLearning usually aren’t as unpleasant because they can be self paced for one thing.
What makes elearning applications effective is not very different from what makes any teaching strategy effective; students are tested at the end of lessons to encourage students to retain what they learned and use the results to improve teaching strategies if needed.
You can achieve your teaching goals if you adopt the same principle by:
How do professors ensure that students retain information and are motivated to better themselves? They test them. Designers who create eLearning solution often adopt the same principle by testing learners with quizzes to:
A reliable way to ensure that learners have retained what they learned within a module
Ever had a song stuck in your head? What about a movie? Certain movies and songs often stick in our mind long after we have experienced them.
As a designer of eLearning software, you can use multimedia stimuli, like audio and video, to:
Keeping these requirements in mind, here is how you can use multimedia to make your eLearning solution work:
Depending on the context of your eLearning solution, audio can be used to
How do you use audio to accomplish these goals, considering that attention spans are quite short? Here is a start:
Words entice emotion and make learners reflect. Videos put learners right in the middle of the action and are a great way to break up your lesson. Depending on what you use them for, videos can be used to:
Demonstrative videos: In some cases, it’s easier to follow instructions if they are demonstrated as videos rather than text. One of these cases can be practical tips or maybe short videos demonstrating different development stages for certain software for example. Adding a short quiz at the end of the demonstration can help learners apply what they have learned.
Interactive videos: Interactive eLearning solutions often include short video sequences. At the end of a short video, learners are presented with options which they have to choose from before the next video can begin. For example, a video for a health crises can depict a person who suddenly goes into cardiac arrest and ask you (as a bystander) are presented options like “Give him CPR first,” “Call an ambulance first.” The video that follows is based on the learner’s choice.
To illustrate how impactful multimedia can be, consider how it applies to LMS (Learning Management Systems). LMS are used by some major universities and organizations and are considered as the next big eLearning industry. Stats suggest that this industry is expected to grow by 23.17% from 2017 to 2018; not surprising considering that some major universities have made elearning courses a part of their teaching practices.
Designing online learning solutions for learners with working mental and comprehensive faculties is pretty straightforward. A regular learner would for example, would have no trouble focusing on a video or retaining messages in audio.
But how do you design learning solutions for students who have trouble comprehending, and have special needs? What alternatives are available for an autistic child, for instance, whose condition makes him unable to connect two pieces of information (like a video sequence accompanied by audio?)
Focus your Design on the Disability: If you want eLearning solutions to work for special needs learners, focus on the disabilities. To achieve learning goals for autistic children, for instance, consider properties that are unique to them. For example, learners with this condition are easily distracted. For audio and video to work, make the learner focus on one of these stimuli at a time. Consider a video where the learner has to perform certain actions. In this case:
Our team of user-experience designers can turn a project brief into a visual prototype, collaborating with you every step of the way.
eLearning is all about creating experiences that are effective, engaging and stimulating enough for learners to gain value. To make eLearning software effective, keep your target audience in mind, keep it engaging, use stimuli on a needs basis and account for special needs.
If you need more inspiration, check out our two part series on Designing for Needs.